Senin, 11 Agustus 2014

The conflicts of middle life-say, the decades of one’s thirties

The conflicts of middle life-say, the decades of one’s thirties through the decades of the 50's or sixties-are described by Erikson as ones involving generativity versus stagnation. Generativity has a literal meaning: the generative individual forms a family and raises the next generation of kids as well as guiding others for whom you have responsibility. Generativity can also have a bigger significance; rather than simply repeating what has happened in earlier times, the generative individual is able to use his or her knowledge and skills to start new thoughts, open up new venues, make a contribution to society, and lead a life that may invigorate others. On the downside, for one or another reason, the middle-aged person may be unable to have a category of any sort and may be equally stymied in the deployment of his or her creative and imaginative powers. Like a motionless body of water, such a middle-aged life is flat, in permanent “idle. ” One recalls Biff Loman’s lament to his mother, Linda, “I just can’t take hold, Mom. I can’t grasp some kind of a life. ”8 In our own study, we have focused on those cognitive capacities that enable individuals to consentrate and act in new ways, going beyond and sometimes in contradiction to the paths accompanied by tradition or by others: we’ve classified as them “imaginative powers. ” Visit:

An aside: Although it occurs before teenage life, the fourth life crisis (industry versus inferiority) may be relevant to our study. The hands on young person pga masters the various tasks and challenges of the society-in the case of modern society, primarily those challenges asked in school. If one works out a deal these well, you need to be on the way to a relatively smooth teenage life. One might speculate that the ability to use apps, to perfect the ensemble of apps, smoothes the way to adolescence-so long as the apps are well understood and used appropriately. But what make up appropriate use is not self-evident. Establishing Riesman’s terms to today’s society, we believe more and more young people are app-dependent than app-enabled. Visit:


Contrary to the sociological background offered by David Riesman and his fellow workers and the psychological landscape sketched by Erik Erikson, so what can we say about the media-technology milieu in america at the center decades of the twentieth century-when Howard grew up? Even as have mentioned, the era of the 1940s and 1950s was focused by the media. Radio and movies (first silent films, then talkies, then films in Technicolor) were already the main cultural landscape; and television was quickly becoming an even more powerful medium, owning eyes and ears in most households and essentially constituting a monopoly in the hands of three networks-CBS, ABC, and NBC. Metaphorically speaking, the whole country would tune in to funny shows like I love Lucy, variety shows like the Ed Sullivan Show, ask shows like the $64, 000 Question, and dramas of the serious Playhouse 90 or more popular Gunsmoke ilk. Visit:

In a manner that is difficult for younger persons to understand today, news was presented each night, in the 1950s for fifteen minutes, thereafter for an hour; and if you wanted to know what was happening in the world, you would tune in to know Walt Cronkite (CBS), Howard Okay. Smith (ABC), or Chet Huntley and David Brinkley (NBC) report the day’s events in mellifluous, sexy midwestern tones. Indeed, Cronkite finished each nightly broadcast with the respected phrase “That’s the way it is”-and if you just weren't quitesure that you understood the way it was, Cronkite’s sober sidekick Eric Sevareid was on hand, ready to explain it to you. For those who preferred to get the news and entertainment from print and still pictures, the media emanating from the Henry Luce publishing empire-Time, Life, Fortune, Sports Illustrated-had an informing power and pervasiveness that is not greeted since. Visit:

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